A Voyage by Physics Technical Terms to analyze Their Roots of English Origin
Here are certain words,commonly used while teaching Physics. The same words have their literal meanings also. The undersigned author is a teacher of both Physics and English. He has listed some words which he used to come across while teaching both the subjects. They may have certain shared applications. Some words may be difficult for Physics, but may be of shared use in Literature. Likewise, some words may be scarce in Literature, but may be of shared use in Physics. Hence a combined study in both the subjects for a shared information is given so that knowledge in both the subjects may find improvement.
However, this is only a modest attempt. Number of words dealt with in each article is very few, compared to the great ocean of English language. If the articles serve as a motivation for readers to enhance the vocabulary, the purpose of the author will be considered fulfilled.
In this article, we are considering a few words starting with the alphabets D,E,F,and G.
1. Daughter Nuclei:
The general meaning of the simple information ‘daughter’ is known to all of us. But Physics has taken the scientific meaning of ‘ capacity to re-produce’. A nuclide which decays into smaller particles is known as parent and nuclides which are produced by radio- active decay are known as daughters. More interestingly, they are able to produce further nuclides, consequently justifying the name ‘daughter’.
2. Dating Techniques:
Dating Technique is not the quality of only the lovers, but the phrase is also applied for nuclear particles which method the method of estimating the true age of rocks, palaeontological specimens, archaeological sites and so on.
The dictionary meaning of this information is ‘singularity of conduct’ or ‘oddness’. This aspect has been cleverly taken over by Physics, rather mathematical Physics, to represent the continued ratio of the distance of a point on the curve from the focus to its distance from its directrix, or in short, not having the same centre as another.
Echelon method a stepwise arrangement of troops, ships, planes etc. It also method various grades among employees of an organisation. In Physics, it method a stepwise arrangement of a stake of glass plates in an interferometer.
Entropy is one of the most fascinating words of Physics which is pregnant with meanings. The undersigned author has written some articles on “What is Life?” based on theories of Entropy. During the time of preparation of the article, the author was very much interested to find out the root of the information ‘Entropy’. The scientific meaning of Entropy is ‘a measure of unavailable energy’, energy nevertheless existing but lost for the purpose of doing work. In fact it is a measure of disorder. The entropy of the Universe goes on increasing which method that the disorder of the Universe tends to infinity.
The origin of this information is a combination of ‘en’ which method inward and ‘trope’ which is ‘turning’, consequently entropy method transformation of energy inwards.
consequently it can be seen, Physics gives also an opportunity to learn the phonetics of English words.
Enthalpy is another scientific information meaning the total heat content of a system derived from the information ‘enthalpien’ which method ‘to heat’ or to warm up.
Ephemeral method a thing which exists only for a day. In Physics, it method a tabulation of position of stars and planets on daily basis.
Nox method night. Equinox method either of the two instances at which the centre of Sun appears to cross the celestial equator. It will happen on March 21 and September 23 when day and night are equally divided.
We know that an Erg is a unit of work or energy used in C.G.S system. The origin is from Greek where erg method ‘work’.
10. Eutectic mixtures:
Low melting point alloys are known as eutectic mixtures. The origin is from a combination of ‘eu’ which method well and ‘take in’.
A function that varies as the strength of another quantity. It originated from Latin words, ex and ponere meaning out to place. Also exponens and entis which average setting forth. The term exponential has originated from this information which method a function that varies as the strength of another quantity. In day-to-day life, it applies to the population growth.
Galaxy is a well-known information meaning a great collection of stars, sometimes great celebrities etc. Any ‘Gala’ collection is mentioned as ‘Galaxy’. This information is a combination of two words Gala and ‘lacteous’, (or,aktos, in Greek) the later information meaning ‘Milk”. It may be noted that our galaxy is mentioned as Milky way.
All of us know that a galvanometer is an instrument for measuring electric currents. But some of us may not know it is named after its discoverer Luigi Galvani of Bologna.
The name of the instrument is so shared that we do not find the origin in text books..
Gibbous method a hump or hunch. It is unequally convex on two sides In Astronomy
it refers to the phase of the moon between half and complete, which is in the form of a hunch back.
In Optics, Grating or a diffraction grating is a device for producing spectra which consists of a glass or a speculum-metal sheet with a very large number of equidistant
lines drawn on it. The dictionary meaning is a grid or a cage The instrument has derived its name from the work it is doing.
16. Gravitation (gravity):
This is one of the most important words in Physics. It refers to the attractive force between any two masses. The is from the Latin information`Gravis or Gravitas which method ‘heavy’. It may be a matter of interest to observe that ‘grave’ situation method a serious situation which causes ‘heaviness’ of heart or feelings.
The readers are advised to go by various Greek alphabets (like Alpha, Beta etc which are the direct derivations of English alphabets and may know the significance of each alphabet. Another group of words are mathematical prefixes like Milli, micro, nano, pyco, giga etc.
The purpose of this article is to motivate the readers to analyse and understand the significance of Technical words along with literal significance. It may be noted that only such words which are shared to both usages have been explained.
I sincerely hope that the article will be of great help to readers in improving their knowledge of both Physics and English. Depending on the response of the readers, we may read more on the subject.