Most Recent Computer Modeling Information Provides Information on Developing Equipment
Military conflicts have long been associated with serious and lasting injuries, both to combatants and non-combatants alike. Current military conflicts especially those in Afghanistan, Iraq, and Pakistan have been marked by improvised explosive devices (IED) and other explosives, damaging vehicles, supply caravans, and inflicting serious casualties on those caught within the blast radius. While current body armor and helmets protect against shrapnel and some small arms fire, the true dangers of explosions lie in the blast wave and later effects. Helmets and armor at this stage are not properly designed to compensate for this, but new technology could change the way these items are engineered.
The most recent studies have analyzed information that may help scientists and engineers create better protective equipment against the dangers of a TBI. Two teams of researchers from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and the University of Rochester have released a report analyzing the results of a cutting-edge computer study showing the relationship between non-impact bomb blasts and the incidents of TBI in military personnel. While doctors and scientists generally understand the mechanisms by which head impacts cause TBI, the complicate workings by which blasts cause TBI are not understood. This is to say that the understanding of how and why non-lethal blasts has grown immensely from this new study, providing a rare ability to both understand and potentially counteract the the causation of TBI in these explosions.
Using the latest in three dimensional modeling and simulation technology, scientists were able to study and clarify the exact mechanics of brain injuries occurring in soldiers. The computer simulations showed those explosions which were non-lethal caused the skull to flex, putting a heavy load on the brain and possibly damaging it without any direct impact on the skull. Armed with this new research, engineers and technicians will now possibly be able to explain the flex pressure experienced by those near an explosion site, possibly reducing the number of TBIs.
TBI generally occurs when mechanical (physical) loads are placed on the brain, leading to problems in the functionality of the brain. Generally, these injuries are seen in car crashes or sporting accidents where a high velocity object is involved. However, in a combat scenario involving explosive devices, the new research indicates one of the reasons for the high instances of TBI in soldiers close to a blast is the force wave generated by the explosion. This force causes a squeezing of the skull or an extreme and sudden speeding up of the head, either of which causes serious physical pressure to be placed on the brain and potentially damaging it.
Sustaining a serious TBI at any point could be a damaging injury to anyone. Oftentimes, those afflicted find themselves unable to work, concentrate, or perform as they had before they were affected with this condition. To that end, many pursue a traumatic brain injury lawsuit by contacting an experienced personal injury attorney and seeking compensation.